High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition that affects many adults worldwide. High blood pressure is the “silent killer,” and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. In this blog, we will discuss the top 10 signs and symptoms of high blood pressure in adults, along with its causes and what you need to know about this condition. Let’s see how will you feel if your blood pressure is high.
What is Blood Pressure?
Before we dive into the signs and symptoms, let’s understand what blood pressure is. Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by the blood against the walls of our arteries as it is pumped around the body by the heart. It is measured using two numbers: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure represents the force when the heart contracts, while diastolic pressure is the force when the heart is at rest between beats. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is given as systolic/diastolic (e.g., 120/80 mmHg is considered normal).
What is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the force exerted by blood against artery walls is consistently too high. It puts additional strain on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other serious health conditions. The normal range for blood pressure is generally considered to be below 120/80 mmHg.
Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure in Adults:
Let’s check what are the signs if you have high blood pressure.
Persistent headaches, particularly at the back of the head and in the morning, can be a potential sign of high blood pressure. It is important to note that headaches alone do not confirm hypertension, but if experienced along with other symptoms, consulting a healthcare professional is advisable.
Read More – Top Home Remedy for Migraine Headache
2. Dizziness and Lightheadedness:
Feeling dizzy or lightheaded, especially when standing up suddenly, may indicate high blood pressure. This symptom often occurs due to a sudden drop in blood pressure.
3. Blurred Vision:
High blood pressure can affect blood vessels in the eyes, leading to blurred or impaired vision. If you experience sudden changes in your vision, it is essential to seek medical attention promptly.
4. Fatigue and Weakness:
Chronic fatigue and weakness that are not explainable by other factors can be a sign of high blood pressure. When blood vessels are constantly constricted, it can impact the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the body’s tissues, resulting in tiredness.
5. Chest Pain:
Persistent chest pain, sometimes described as tightness or pressure, may indicate high blood pressure. However, it is important to remember that chest pain can also be a symptom of other heart-related conditions. If you experience chest pain, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.
6. Shortness of Breath:
In the list of signs and symptoms of high blood pressure in adults shortness of breath is very common. Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath, particularly during physical exertion or even at rest, can be an indication of high blood pressure. This symptom suggests that the heart is struggling to meet the oxygen demands of the body efficiently.
7. Irregular Heartbeat:
High blood pressure can cause an irregular heartbeat or palpitations. If you experience heart palpitations along with other signs of high blood pressure, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional.
While nosebleeds can occur due to various factors, recurrent or frequent nosebleeds can be an indication of high blood pressure. If you experience nosebleeds along with other symptoms, it is advisable to get your blood pressure checked.
9. Flushed Face:
Facial flushing, particularly when combined with other symptoms, could be a sign of high blood pressure. This symptom occurs due to blood vessel constriction and increased blood flow to the face.
10. Swollen Feet and Ankles:
High blood pressure can lead to fluid retention, causing swelling in the feet and ankles. If you notice persistent swelling, it is important to get evaluated by a healthcare professional.
Causes of High Blood Pressure:
To manage high blood pressure it is very important to understand its main causes. While there can be multiple factors contributing to hypertension, the following are some common causes:
Diet: A diet high in sodium, saturated fats, and cholesterol can increase the risk of high blood pressure.
2. Lack of Physical Activity:
Physical activity is directly linked to your weight. Lack of exercise leads to weight gain which can contribute to high blood pressure.
Being overweight or obese increases the strain on the heart and blood vessels, leading to elevated blood pressure.
4. Family History:
Genetics can play a significant role in hypertension. If you have a family history of high blood pressure, it is vital to monitor your blood pressure regularly.
5. Age and Gender:
The risk of developing high blood pressure increases with age. Men are more likely to have hypertension until age 45, while women’s risk increases after menopause.
Chronic stress can cause temporary spikes in blood pressure, which can turn into long-term hypertension if not managed effectively.
Read More – Long-Term Effects of Stress on the Body
Friends, I hope you found this article interesting and now know many signs and symptoms of hypertension in adults. High blood pressure is a widespread condition that often goes unnoticed due to its lack of obvious symptoms. Regular blood pressure monitoring is essential, especially for adults, to detect hypertension early and prevent complications. If you experience any of the signs and symptoms mentioned in this blog, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, to keep your blood pressure in check. Remember, being aware of the signs and symptoms empowers you to take control of your health and prevent further complications down the road.